"Ritratti

History is peppered with countless to dispel myths, among which also the rivalry between Mozart and Salieri.

The hatred that the latter would have harbored towards the great composer from Salzburg, represents a clear example of misreading of real facts.

It has long been believed that the Italian musician, jealous of Mozart's talent up to paranoia, he could even have an active role in his untimely death, but new studies show that this was not the case.

In this regard, I wrote an article about notizie.it I invite you to read.

 

 

Mozart and Salieri in a scene from the famous film & quot; Amadeus"

Mozart and Salieri in a famous movie scene “Amadeus”

Despite the fame and its historic neighborhood character, many aspects of the life of the great Austrian composer Wolfang Amadeus Mozart remain unknown to this day.

This partly depends on the musician's extreme confidentiality of character, partly from the flowering of legends and gossip that have arisen about him.

A set of factors therefore, makes it difficult for biographers to be able to extrapolate the true from the false to reconstruct the real human and moral physiognomy of the character.

However, recent studies and a more accurate analysis of the documentation in our possession, at least allowed to dispel two alleged common places which for a couple of centuries weighed on the figure of Mozart.

We refer to the rivalry with Salieri and poisoning death, facts that were closely related but which have never even existed.

Antonio Salieri and the untimely death of Mozart

Antonio Salieri, born in 1750, he was a highly regarded Italian musician Viennese court.

Here he lived for most of his life and held the coveted role of composer and choirmaster.

According to a tradition originating from gossip already circulated by contemporaries, terribly envious of the incomparable genius of the young composer from Salzburg, Salieri would have it little by little poisoned causing its premature disappearance.

Mozart died in fact only 36 years, the 4 December of the 1791, but it is not true that the fact had aroused surprise among the people.

The wife Constance Weber, family and close circle of friends who assisted him until the end, It had long been concerned about the health conditions increasingly precarious visibly the young musician.

Furthermore, it worsened during that year, they were due to a series of factors that as historical and medical researches are revealing.

Mozart's ailments

First of all, We need to establish that the physical conditions of Mozart were never good.

A malfunction of the kidneys prevented him from healthy body development and stature stopped at 1,52 centimeters.

A congenital weakness was the main cause of a series of infections who contracted repeatedly from an early age and ended up irreparably undermining his general state of health.

Just before he died, Mozart certainly suffered from one severe anemia and showed signs of depression and mania.

If we add to this that he ate less and less and drank large quantities of alcohol, her untimely end is not surprising that much.

The report which was certified by the death occurred, The diagnosis was "Acute miliary fever" , but we tend to believe it was a set of pathologies, more or less serious, more or less serious, to determine death.

But because it was long believed that Salieri had poisoned Mozart?

Mozart and Salieri: an envy that never existed

The voice dell'insanabile envy that the Italian would feed against Mozart in Vienna circulated for some time.

When Salieri, got sick of dementia, during a delirium claimed to have killed him, to many it seemed that this was the logical conclusion of hatred and resentment towards the man tried Salzburg.

It therefore seemed, the most reasonable explanation for the artist's untimely and dubious death.

Which, however, in reality, doubt he had nothing.

Even in the 18th century, like today, it was hard to take note of the death of a genius, a great art, and it tended to assume the strangest speculations and imaginative to make this more acceptable same death.

In reality, Mason not only never fed resentment or envy for Mozart, but he was, seems, sincerely friend, helping on several occasions.

Furthermore, the Italian enjoyed a time of greater success of the brilliant colleague, why should envy, and envy to the point of kill?

The Pushkin mistake

In 1830 Russian poet Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin, "Picked up" the gossip and made one theatrical drama in verse from the title Mozart and Salieri, which was a huge success.

However, it greatly contributed to ruining the reputation of the innocent Italian composer.

Instead, today's studies tend to re-evaluate, both as a man and as an artist.

Indeed, new finds and unpublished testimonies, they help to better understand its rational and mathematical character, opposite to that imaginative and outside the Mozart schemes, but no less valuable.

Salieri and the Salzburg composer were actually friends, perhaps rivals, but always correct and imbued with mutual respect.

A sign that, sometimes, the facts and history are simpler than they are told (Article adapted from www.notizie.it) (Photo gives: giacomozito.com e cafleurebon.com).