Portraits of Antonio Salieri and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Portraits of Antonio Salieri and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

History is peppered with countless to dispel myths.

The rivalry between Mozart and Salieri and hatred that it would feed for the great composer from Salzburg, represent a clear example.

It has long been believed that the Italian musician, jealous of Mozart's talent up to paranoia, he could even have an active role in his untimely death, but new studies show that it did not.

In this regard, I wrote an article about notizie.it I invite you to read.



Mozart e Salieri in una scena del celebre film "Amadeus"

Mozart and Salieri in a famous movie scene “Amadeus”

Despite the fame and its historic neighborhood character, many aspects of the life of the great Austrian composer Wolfang Amadeus Mozart remain unknown, partly because of the extreme confidentiality of the musician's character, partly because of the blossoming of legends and gossip about her fate, that make it difficult to biographers able to extrapolate the true from the false to reconstruct the true human and moral physiognomy.

However, recent studies and more thorough analysis of the documentation in our possession, have at least allowed two suspected dispel stereotypes that for a couple of centuries have weighed on the figure of Mozart: the rivalry with Salieri and the poisoning death, facts that were closely related but which have never even existed.

Antonio Salieri, born in 1750, was an Italian musician highly praised the Viennese court, where he lived for most of his life and where he held the coveted role of composer and choirmaster; according to a tradition originated by chatter circulated already by his contemporaries, terribly envious of the incomparable genius of the young composer from Salzburg, Salieri would gradually poisoned causing the premature death.

Mozart died in fact only 36 years, the 4 December of the 1791, but it is not true that the fact had aroused surprise among the people: the wife Constance Weber, family and close circle of friends who assisted him until the end, It had long been concerned about the health conditions increasingly precarious visibly the young musician, aggravatesi during that year and due to a number of factors as the historical and medical research are revealing.

First of all, We need to establish that the physical conditions of Mozart were never good: a kidney malfunction prevented him from developing a healthy body and stature stopped 1,52 centimeters; a congenital weakness was the main cause of a number of infections contracted repeatedly from an early age and ended with irretrievably undermine the overall health; shortly before his death, Mozart certainly suffered from severe anemia, and showed signs of depression and mania; If we add to this that more and eating less and drinking large amounts of alcohol, her untimely end is not surprising that much.

The report which was certified by the death occurred, The diagnosis was "Acute miliary fever" , but we tend to believe that it was a set of conditions, more or less serious, more or less serious, to determine death.

But because long it was believed that Mozart was poisoned by Salieri?

The voice dell'insanabile envy that the Italian would feed against Mozart in Vienna circulated for some time; when Salieri, He fell ill with dementia, during a delirium claimed to have killed him, to many it seemed that this was the logical conclusion of hatred and resentment towards the man tried Salzburg, and it seemed the most reasonable explanation for his untimely death and dubious.

Which, however, in reality, doubt he had nothing: Also in the eighteenth century, like today, it was hard to take note of the death of a genius, a great art, and it tended to assume the strangest speculations and imaginative to make this more acceptable same death.

In reality, Mason not only never fed resentment or envy for Mozart, but he was, seems, sincerely friend, helping on several occasions; Furthermore, the Italian enjoyed a time of greater success of the brilliant colleague, why should envy, and envy to the point of kill?

In 1830 Russian poet Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin, "She scooped" gossip and made a play in verse entitled Mozart and Salieri, contributing considerably to spoil the reputation of the innocent Italian composer.

That however is re-evaluated today, as a man and as an artist, in the light of new findings and evidence, that help to better understand its rational character and mathematician, opposite to that imaginative and outside the Mozart schemes, but no less valuable.

Salieri and the Salzburg composer were actually friends, perhaps rivals, but always correct and imbued with mutual respect; sign that, sometimes, the facts and history are simpler than they are told (Article adapted from www.notizie.it) (Photo gives: giacomozito.com e cafleurebon.com).