I also wrote the following article for the portal notizie.it; traces the origins of the most beautiful musical instrument and appreciated all, the piano.
The origin of piano, instrument strings struck by hammers operated with the pressure of the keys, the outbreaks was plucked string instruments, type the lira, and in those with a keyboard.
His closest ancestor was the Harpsichord,.
The piano prototype was designed by the Italian Bartolomeo Cristofori at the end of '600 on a system called exhaust, based on three principles: percussion of the strings with hammers covered with felt, free vibration of the string and stopping the vibration when the key is released.
Strangely the invention not claimed great success in Italy, but in Germany, especially thanks to Gottfried Silbermann, who devoted himself to the study and operate the new tool, it began that real and long path that will lead it to become the most loved and used musical medium in the world.
However it was only in the years 1822-23 This instrument reached its greatest perfection of operation, thanks to French Sebastien Erard who created the system double escapement (Article adapted from: notizie.it) (Photo gives: fiordaliso0.tripod.com e antichitailtemporitrovato.it).