Luisa Wound, real name Luigia Manfrini Farné, ed Osvaldo Valenti, his life partner and woe, were the most iconic and celebrated actors of the Fascist period (you see https://www.pilloledistoria.it/8793/storia-contemporanea/luisa-ferida-toto-video).
Probably only this fact in itself even trivial, as well as purely objective, It must be ascribed their untimely end, tragic and still, several decades away, for many obscure aspects.
The couple, 39 years he, 31 years and pregnant she, It was shot by partisans on 30 April 1945 on charges of “collaborationist“, but the circumstances that resulted in such a dramatic climax as, perhaps, avoidable, I am far from clear.
First of all, why were they killed, really, Valenti and Ferida, who also they had never participated in active politics?
And then, was really Sandro Pertini, future President of the Italian Republic, to give the final order of shooting?
Given that research in this direction is, As for singular incomprehensible reasons typically Italic, faces to consider even an untouchable taboo any event or story about this period of our recent history, and yet the time has surely passed and completely changed society, direct research to understand how it really took place the facts – I said – It is a very delicate and quite simple matter, I think it is right, if you do not have to, each of us, strive to study in the most disenchanted and objective as possible every event that has preceded us, without considering some more “uncomfortable” others just because, strangely, still spark debates “politicians” that, in my opinion, not only they have no reason to be, but that at very distant epochs between them, appear even ridiculous, as well as out of place.
Against the history I have always been the same “vizio”, or consider, about events and characters, beyond and above any other, the human aspect.
For this reason the vicissitudes that led to a striking and violent death two people after all normal as Valenti and Ferida, who had devoted his life to art and not politics, so that no crime or serious offense, seems, They had never committed a justification, at least partial, of such a lack of compassion towards them, can not remain indifferent.
The fact that the actress was also expecting a child later, It makes the whole affair, if possible, even more bitter and sad.
In the web there are about numerous articles and entire blog, from some of which I extrapolated the steps that I report.
On the site valentiferida.blogspot.it, the reasons for the sentence and the role of Pertini is written: “just 31 years old and pregnant with a child, Ferida was killed by partisans at the Hippodrome of San Siro in Milan together with the Valenti 30 April 1945, on charges of collaborating and especially for torturing imprisoned some partisans at Villa Triste, in Milan, headquarters of Koch band. The prosecution proved unfounded to the scrutiny of evidence and testimony, and the same is true Marozin, head of the partisan brigade responsible for his death, he stated, in the course of criminal proceedings against him for that episode: "The Ferida had done nothing, really nothing ». The two actors, indeed, unjustly they paid with their lives for their reputation associated with the fascist regime, but they had no criminal liability that could justify the firing squad for collaboration. It now seems certain, Based on statements made by True Marozin in procedural headquarters (“That day – 30 April 1945 – Pertini phoned me and told me three times: “Fucilali, and not waste time!”) that the future President of the Italian Republic Sandro Pertini has had heavy moral responsibility in the killing of Valenti and Ferida (v.”Odyssey Partisan” Vero Marozin – 1966 – “Luisa Wound, Osvaldo Valenti – rise and fall of two movie stars” Odoardo Reggiani – Spirali 2001). Pertini, Moreover, He refused to read the defensive memorial that Valenti had worked during the days of captivity, in which they were contained the names of witnesses who could exonerate the two actors of all charges. The Milanese house of Valenti and Ferida was burglarized a few days after their murder. It was stolen a treasure chest, which he lost every trace”.
On another blog, ritornoallatradizione.blogspot.it, It is textually reported: “…Valenti, which until then he had never had positions in the fascist team, It enlisted voluntarily in the Italian Social Republic. In '44 is a lieutenant in the Xa Flotilla MAS. Meantime, it seems that the frequent torque Villa Triste in Milan, headquarters of the infamous Banda Koch. I say "apparently" because they were never established ties between it and the Valenti-Ferida couple. Nothing certain, nothing demonstrated; only conjecture and cowardly plots, sufficient to condemn them to death. In fact, the 10 April '45 Valenti, perhaps to save his life and,mostly, that of Luisa, who was expecting a baby, (the couple had already conceived a son, unfortunately he died shortly after birth), He decided to voluntarily surrender to the partisans. He took refuge in the house of Nino Pulejo, belonging to Matteotti Brigades, which, however, the unloaded, entrusting the two celebrities at Marozin commander of Pasubio Division, who it was not a saint, since he was transferred to Milan from Veneto to escape a sentence of death CLN, (think!), for theft, abuse and other crimes”.
The 21 April Marozin meets Sandro Pertini who asked Valenti; He had the news of his imprisonment, the "great president" Order lapidary: "fucilali (therefore also the Ferida, pregnant! Editor's note); and not waste time. This is a binding order of the CLN. See ricordartene!” … it's still: “…l enough’ Pertini intervention to decide the fate of the two actors.
“…So, Valenti and Ferida were taken to a farm, where they lived their last days. The actor underwent a summary trial, after which it was confirmed the death sentence. Sentencing that was never communicated to the person concerned and which also covered the companion. Unaware of their end, the two lovers were loaded onto a truck between people raked. Once in via Poliziano, They were dropped and placed facing the wall. The woman was holding a blue shoe wool, destined to warm the feet of the innocent child who will never see the light. He left the burst of gunfire. The two fell to the ground, tight as in life as in death. On them they were laid two billboards. Two red lettering saying: "The partisans of the Pasubio have executed Osvaldo Valenti"; "The partisans of the Pasubio have executed Luisa Ferida". Three lives cut short in stroke. Two lives probably innocent about the charges of collaborating with Nazi-Fascist and having done all kinds of atrocities to Villa Triste; simply a candid.
Finally, gives larosanera.it, on the role of Pertini in the affair Ferida / Valenti:
The ruthlessness of the socialist leader was, Unlike, unjustifiable, against the two film actors: Osvaldo Valenti and Luisa Ferida.
The two actors sympathized with fascism until the times of the Republic of Salò: while Valenti worked on the front line, Ferida was totally foreign to politics.
Osvaldo Valenti worked to conduct negotiations with the partisans, but the latter had no mercy: they shot both spouses, although she was pregnant.
Their killers admitted the innocence of the woman, but that does not subsided anger: "The Ferida had done nothing, really nothing. But it was with Valenti. The all overwhelms revolution ".
The final decision was to Sandro Pertini, who had no doubt: "Fucilali, and not waste time!”».
From all this it is clear, after about 70 years after the events, that Ferida / Valenti couple were entirely innocent of the crimes attributed to them and that the will of Pertini, on their shooting, it was instrumental.