If like me you have always found it a bit’ difficult to fully understand the Masonic dynamics, there certainly enlightening on the subject the following article, written by Emiliano Friends, curator of blog www.sguardosulmedioevo.org, per History Pills.
To properly understand the World Masonic US, and indirectly worldwide, We start our journey from the capital of the US: Washington. For centuries, Freemasonry has been suspected of having organized a plot to conquer America, just think that many presidents and many Founding Fathers belonged to what is in effect the most important secret society that has ever been created by man. Masons led the Revolution and both participated in the drafting of the Declaration of Independence or the Constitution, and also drew the city of Washington, according to the dictates imposed by the Masonic belief. Washington has a secret history not known much: in recent times various conspiracy theories claim that the United States is actually controlled by Freemasonry, seemingly harmless, It has about two million followers only in USA. The capital is the central point of this conspiracy. The signals that reveal the presence of the masonry are evident in some other cases are concealed, such as the now famous symbols of a banknote soaked dollar signs pointing the way towards the total control of America. Freemasonry is involved for its secrecy that often generated legends; if there is an ongoing attempt control of the US and then the world it can not be exclusively attributed to the Masons brothers but probably a combination of the state forces such as intelligence agencies whose capillarity is able to influence every organism international, every government, every people. But what are the Origins of the American Masonry? It all starts in England: in '700 medieval guilds of stonemasons are transformed into corporations led by men engaged in politics who carried out the ideals of the Enlightenment, science, reason, equality and freedom of thought. The Masonic societies were bastions of rationalism, They had to act in secret because the scene of the period was dominated by the Church. In 1738 the papa Clemente XII In the bubble emitted eminent apostolatus where threat of excommunication all those who were part of Masonry. The excommunication was the daughter of conviction, not wrong, that Freemasonry it aimed at destroying the foundations of the Church, to ensure that people of different beliefs could live together in harmony with each other and of course this was totally unacceptable, especially by those who wanted the Church to be the only legally recognized religious entity. Freemasonry was very successful: welcomed thinkers, artists, musicians like Mozart that in his Magic Flute confirms his membership in the brotherhood but, above all Adam Smith whose ideas led, subsequently, a American Revolution. But without doubt one of the most important and prominent Masons was Benjamin Franklin that by the lodge in 1731 following the famous rite of passage all too similar to that of some first century Templar character; It was a Jewish ritual originates, which consists of physically resurrect the Mason from a purely symbolic death. The secrecy of initiation rites, meetings and religious freedom mean that Freemasonry were born around the shadows never completely dissipated even to the present day. Especially in Italy, as we'll see, Freemasonry is not only a symbol of the Renaissance but also a Freemasonry diverted in the '70s and' 80s shook our history. In the thirties of the eighteenth century he was asked in what consisted the secrets of Freemasonry: the differences between religions confessions were very marked and Freemasonry wanted to remove this gap as with the intention of creating a new society based on full equality and uniformity of citizens. Freemasonry spread rapidly in the colonies becoming ideological basis of the Revolution, animated by men like Paul Revee, he freed definitavemente young thirteen colonies from Britain. The straw that broke the camel too full was the Boston Tea Party. Following the unfair taxes imposed by Great Britain claimed that despite the London parliament there was no representative of the settler (no taxation without rapresentation) the 16 December 1773 a group of colonists disguised as Indians poured the entire load of you of ships docked at sea to the port of Boston. Just at this event, the role of Freemasons was important: the attack on the British ships was rehearsed in the basement of the Green Dragon one of the places most frequented by Masons and brothers who had previously hosted many meetings that allowed you to plan the attack in every detail: there is even a drawing of the room with a sign that literally reads "Here we organized the Boston Tea Party December 16 1773”. Paul Revee, John Hancock e Joseph Warren were members of the loggia, coincidentally, It not met on the evening of 16 December and it was they the leaders who participated actively in the attack "andandosi to occupy the tea". This attack command against the mother country had brought into vogue the figure of the Freemason who become afraid because he knew that the man was endowed with free will and this must not be obvious especially since at the relevant time, America was subjugated heavily from Britain who do not hesitated to impose its power overseas. With the revolution in progress , Benjamin Franklin suggests a fundamental change to the Declaration of Independence drafted by Thomas Jefferson, he brother Mason. The original draft of Jefferson asserted that the truths of the Declaration of Independence were "sacred and inviolable". Franklin, who at that time he was Grand Master of the Masonic Lodge of Pennsylvania churches, obtaining, a small change, big impact by stating that’ America Masonic who followed the French Enlightenment principles you will have to bear the name and nothing else it. This should not surprise the reader since the Declaration was the daughter of the Masonic intellectual world, a world in which God was present, and, but they emphasized the different ways in which he was seen in religious contexts. Not esiteva a Christian God, Hebrew or musulmeno, solaente existed a universal God that Masonry called the Great Architect of the Universe. The Freemasons were not Christians, They spoke of Providence saying to believe in man and in his commitment to life: They spoke of tolerance, progress and the need to unite people. Of the signatories of the Declaration cinquantatasei, nine were Masons including Hancock. But the most important Founding Father and Massone was George Washington. The fact that Washington was a Mason is a fact of enormous importance. He came in just two decades and, the War of Independence at Washington ports transforms what was a helpless and battered army in a huge army whose cultural training was done by the army infiltrated lodges to inculcate the soldier the principles of the new state was to be the son of the Revolution. Religious organizations in US territory were separated from each other: north there were Calvinists, the center Quakers and Anglicans in the south and Freemasonry created an indispensable link for the spirit of flying body on religious patterns once again relegated to a secondary role if not practically nil. It is estimated that good in forty percent of the officers were Masons and lodges were created in military camps to gather brotherhoods. The war did not start well, Washington, who was master strategist, perfectly he knows that without reinforcements the revolution is destined to a resounding failure. To avoid this, the brother Franklin, who was ambassador in Paris, He convinces the king of France to take his place alongside the rebels. Franklin strove through the various Masonic lodges where he was well known and admired so much that he himself personally accompanied in some initiation rite Voltaire which he contributed to the drafting of the Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment and daughter, probably, Masonic. Franklin had deep-rooted knowledge and used his reputation as a Freemason to find expert forces able to support the army of George Washington: everyone wanted to fight under the orders of the ideals of the American Revolution in the name American General that represent faithfully the ideals of Freemasonry, and that will be in the French Revolution. The appeal was received by the barone Frederick William of doves, freemason, and from Marquis La Fayette, Mason him too, He is bringing victory for the rebel troops in the crucial Battle of Yorktown in 1783. Without the guidance of Freemasonry, the revolution would have been devoid of that force not only military but also human and "spiritual" required the company, Masonry without the American Revolution would not have been successful. It was only thanks to the Founding Fathers George Washington Masons and Freemasonry became, the public eye, patriotism tank and nationalism. The victory against Britain, finally free America from the mother country and the yoke 1789 Washington sworn in as the first President of the United States by placing their hands on a Bible brought by a brother Mason. The Brotherhood has the opportunity, Now, to build the new nation
Washington Masonic cities
In the early years of the Republic, Washington pledged to design the city that will own his name in the summer of 1791 Instructs the French architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant to capitalize on their ideas beginning with his desire to create the core nucleus of the city within a ten mile square: the city was scientifically designed to send a message and to show that whereas before the Revolution it was the religion that drove awareness and people's lives, Now it relied on science, religion and geometry, then to rationalism. The planning of the city attended by many people: the same Thomas Jefferson designed the first roads represented in a grid of perpendicular lines and the architect drew other roads that had as its starting point the Capitol. The buildings still visible in Washington clearly represent the architectural ideals of Freemasonry: the triangle, the square, other shapes and symbols used to route the trainees towards the understanding of moral concepts and extreme complexity politicians and then encoded through a symbolic language that was supposed to be known only by members of the lodges, They are used to place on the territory of the main buildings in a scientific way power. They are simple but important symbols and many of them have not yet been encoded. The best known of Masonic symbols is the compass and square reminiscent of the tools used by medieval masons and have the duty to remind the Freemason how to behave: It must also be a righteous man in private life. Many of the symbols visible through aerial photographs date back to the time of George Washington, others were added later as if you wanted to "update" the way of initiation. By overlaying the compass to map of Washington we note that the height is the same place in the Capitol "pivot" of all decisions: one of the axes pointing to the White House, while the other arrives at Jefferson Memorial; the team, against, It goes from the Lincoln Memorial to the White House and across the Jefferson Memorial which was to be built right where it is now after working for six years to the diversion of the river just at that point from 1933 al 1939 chaired by Frank Delano Roosvel that, obviously, was a Freemason. The historian of Freemasonry Brent Morris opposes this theory stating that taking any netting and enrolling in a square a circle with rays that depart from it you would get compasses and almost infinite teams then would be hard to believe that the arrangement of the city's monuments have been deliberate. The very construction of the Capitol saw Freemasonry in a key role: in 1793 Masons were commissioned to lay the foundation stone of the Capitol and Washington himself, dressed in Masonic emblems, celebrates the event with Masonic ritual with wine and oil corn drink: corn is a symbol of abundance, the oil of peace and the wine represents happiness. Jefferson believed that the Capitol is a temple and the Masons are the priests of the new nation having been those who have designed and inaugurated the Capitol itself. Membership in Washington to Freemasonry attracts a large number of adpeti and strengthens the power. When the president died in 1799 all lodges observed days of mourning and it was decided to erect a tall obelisk around 170 meters with tapered tip, a sort of pyramid on a column. The ceremony of laying the first stone was 4 July 1848 who converted from the Julian calendar has as its patron saint St. John of the Masons. For the lack of funds, The inauguration took place only in 1885 the afternoon of 22 February to coincide with the rise of Sirius in the presence of representatives of all American lodges. In 1941 Roosevelt decided to build the Army General Headquarters: the Pentagon. Roosvelt, He knew that the pentacle shape depicts the star Sirius and also the place is not accidental is located on the ideal extension of an axis that runs in the direction of the capitol: the laying of the foundation stone dates from September 11, 1941 and Sirius was right over the place where the Pentagon was about to rise. Freemasonry became popular and many began to wonder what was going on; It had the feeling that the Freemasons were brothers in every place and what, naturally, It led to believe that a handful of men was plotting something behind unsuspecting American citizens. American Freemasons found themselves at the center of a Conspiracy Theory, perhaps the first in American history. It all started in France where the French Revolution and the oppressed were the ideals of freedom from the terror regime Maximilien Robespierre. In 1798 America came out a pamphlet which stated that the French Revolution and the following regime of terror had been built by a group of Satan worshipers hidden under the wing of Freemasonry: the Illuminati. The sect of the Illuminati, founded by Adam Weishaupt, He had a strong connotation of philosophical mold with actually subversive theories. He was born in order 1776 in Bavaria and had tried to provoke rebellions. He began to spread the suspicion that they arrived in America with the same intentions shown in Europe. George Washington was a Mason and then the book could topple the government at any moment but, despite having received letters inviting him to take away from Freemasonry, President denied being a member of the Illuminati, but never denied his membership proud to Freemasonry. But the plot was based on flimsy evidence, just think that the Illuminati were suppressed after about ten years since the foundation with slender and convictions of its followers but despite this the shadow of the enlightened will always orbit Masonic. Despite conspiracy theories, in the nineteenth century Masons came to occupy the most important centers of American power, banks, common and the White House with the election of Monroe. But Freemasonry US is going to suffer a huge blow to its credibility. Main part of Freemasonry is the initiation rite in which the adept swears to die if reveals the secret ritual: in 1826 William Morgan, former Mason, breaks the oath swearing to publish a book in which he wants to reveal what happened during Masonic rituals. Soon after he was jailed on charges with nothing short of ridiculous: that of not having given a loan of just over two dollars. Morgan, in reality, He threatened to reveal the deepest secrets and most sacred aspects of Freemasonry. The Masons wanted to stop fellow citizens in every way also coming to the kidnapping as an extreme act, and no one ever saw her again. He was probably killed immediately. The investigations led to the arrest of four men members of Freemasonry and the process that followed was not the most transparent; some Masons brothers even came to join the juries and most likely put out of action all of what witnesses. The four masons were sentenced to very light sparking public anger and even the governor Mason of New York was suspected of conspiracy as all Masons. The masonry image changed radically, becoming a symbol of the compromises and failures of the world that you wanted the same for everyone but it was unfair to reality. The Freemasons claimed to profess equality instead welcomed men from the lineage. With the presidential election 1831 born the anti-Masonic movement that will prove to be a political force of all respect as the first independent national party that is not identified with a political program. The elections were won by Andrew Jackson, democratic, and Mason. The fame of the Masons continued its downward slide: religious preachers saw Freemasons as enemies, devil worshipers and blasphemous, and many of them were expelled from the community if they refused to leave the lodges. The masters of the New England forbade the school entrance of Masons children and a group of women came to accuse the Brotherhood to perform unnatural acts being composed of men only. The effects were boulders on the history of freemasonry. The loggia of Vermont was closed and the same happened in Michigan. In New York and New England Freemasonry was destroyed. Freemasonry could disappear as a result of the deal, but Morgan was decided to modify its nature a kind of philanthropic institution with no claim to be a power. In the second half of the nineteenth century, reborn masonry also thanks to Albert Pike whose work will transform the brotherhood. Pike gave a huge contribution but it was a controversial Mason: He will be accused of racism, Satanism and to organize a secret cartel to dominate the US. Author of "Morals and Dogma" introduced himself as the bearer of esoteric knowledge by combining ancient religions, astrology, myths and legends to develop 33 initiation rituals. Conspiracy theorists believe that these 33 rites there are the secrets to understanding Freemasonry. The first fourteen degrees are represented in the perfection Loggia, Chapter of the Rose Cross, Kadosh and the advice of the council of the supreme principles of the real secret. The first three levels are the outer courtyard of the temple: Here the symbols are displayed apprentice but he is intentionally misled by false interpretations. Their true meaning is accessible only to the followers, the principles of Freemasonry. The idea that the secret information of Freemasonry reside in higher grades and are hidden to the Masons minor, It stems from a misunderstanding. The quote just read is from the chapter of Morals and Dogma Cavalieri Kadosh resurrecting the legend of the Knights Templar made in the Holy Land after the capture of the Gerusalmme 15 July 1099 by Crusader army after welcoming the call of Pope Urban II called for an intervention in all of Christendom to free the Holy City par excellence by Muslims. The Templars were destroyed by King Philip the Fair of France, eager for riches, and by Pope Clement V in order to avoid a schism within the Catholic Church he decided to totally submit to the king. The episode of the Templars, He emphasizes Pike, states should not trust such abuses of power, the same power used by the king and by the pope and that the ancient Masons have hidden the meaning of symbols to hide the secrets of their rituals. In the controversial figure of Pike, It is linked to another mystery: is supposedly a seemingly even writing about the Ku Klux Klan rituals. This is a false demonstrated by Arturo D'Hoyais that topic in a documentary broadcast by the History Channel he said it has not found either on belonging unequivocal references to Pike xenophobic sect or the xenophobic rituali.Fervente claimed another secret society he would unite all white men who oppose the vote to blacks founded the Brotherhood South, hidden to all but its members. Even Thomas Jefferson, that drafted the Declaration of Independence, He was totally opposed to the vote to black men and was a strong supporter of slavery falling in contradiction with the principles that he himself set out in the Declaration. The highest grade was 33 ° called Sovereign Inspector General. The 33rd degree was reached by President Truman, Senator McArthur, Hoover and the FBI Chief in order to manipulate the American history and, given the historical stature of these men, It is not difficult to believe that this theory is founded. The most serious charge against the Masons is to satanism. The proof is found in a section of Pike's Morals and Dogma “Lucifer is the embodiment of reason, intelligence, critical thinking. He brings light. He stands before the dogma of God and all other dogmas. He claims the exploration of new ideas and new perspectives in the search for truth”. Pike wanted to turn to Venus in Latin Lucifer, the one who brings light because it rises before the sun. Pike What I meant was that the bearer of light begins at dawn but Lucifer, in most cultures, is the devil became such because an angel wanted to be like God, and then it seems that Pike tessa the praises of Satan. The myth of satanism was exploited by Leo Taxil wrote that anti-Masonic books. Supporters of the satanic conspiracy see the devil in the streets of Washington, where you can clearly see a five-pointed star that capsized, it is said, It has been deliberately inserted into the project in the city. The same official seal of the United States is full of mystery as well as also the famous signs of the dollar bill that refer to the Temple House built in 1915 which it is thirteen blocks from the White House. It is reached after thirty steps (one for each degree Masonic) and on top of it there is a pyramid without pointing to thirteen steps and is the same symbol of dollar banknote. If you take a dollar bill and you draw a hexagon around the seal we get the word MASON, ie Mason. At the base of the pyramid is the Roman inscription that MDCCLXXVI 1776 Independence year and year of the founding of the Illuminati; there is the all-seeing eye in the head of a pyramid as if you wanted to say that Masons are above everything and that from their privileged position, not only look but command. We return to the seal. The idea of the seal is born 4 July 1776 by a committee who worked for six years as Freemason where there was only Benjamin Franklin, who worked with the first committee proposing the biblical image of Moses and divided the waters. The design was approved in 1782. Like so many other symbols, the pyramid was not only a figure as such but it was the metaphor of the changes that the nation had to support to become full. The Masons are builders and the pyramid is the construction project of America. The fact that it is incomplete, as in the case of the House of the Temple, It means that it is the nation itself to be incomplete. The eye, instead, we find in ancient Egypt it was used mainly in the Renaissance to indicate the omniscience of the Christian God who watches over Created. Even the Masons to adopt but only fourteen years after the insertion in the seal; the eye refers to a God, how to say, generic ie not necessarily belonging to any religious denomination. The seeing eye was used to suggest the idea of a not necessarily be Christian that controls the world from completing in this way the status symbolized by a truncated pyramid. In Freemasonry to defeat ignorance, tyranny and fanaticism, you must seek the light, We have to become enlightened citizens. Taking the back of a dollar bill, we see two circles: the right circle is represented by a truncated pyramid, an eye in a triangle and two written: Novo Ordo Seclorum that, written in contracted form so as to obtain 17 characters instead of eighteen: the Seventeenth arcane arcane is the star that indicates the realization, how to say, New world order, then the all-seeing eye also controls the soul. In the right circle, above the eagle appears the inscription E PLURIBUS UNUM and this testifies to the desire to create a strong bond between the United States and the countries of origin of men who arrived in America. The number thirteen is displayed continuously: thirteen is the number of states that made up the original nucleus of America but was also seen as the number that endures to eternity and the Rose Cross is a symbol of the initiatory path: thirteen are arrows that the eagle holding in its paws, Thirteen are the letters that make up the words Annuit Coeptis (accepts the start) and E Pluribus Unum and thirteen are the strips of the shield and the steps of the pyramid. Also on the eagle's head are thirteen stars that, unite, They give life to a six-pointed star that is the seal of King Solomon's legendary temple of the same name built by Hiram. So far we have talked about the Freemasons in politics and economy, but perhaps it is appropriate to speak of occult power with the infamous Skulls & Bones one of the most controversial American companies, founded in 1832 da Russel e Taft. Russell became general, Taft was the grandfather of the twenty-seventh US president. Headquartered in Yale it is among the most influential seven US, become antechamber of American power, which brought forth Industrial, CIA chiefs, secret agents, judges diplomats and American presidents like George W. Bush. After Ford, avowedly Mason, there were presidents officially affiliated to Freemasonry although it enjoys great prestige; this is due to the fact that there are seven secret even more important and influential and perhaps they are the ones who move redeem economy and American politics and then the whole world. E’ can therefore hypothesize that a city, a banknote can acquire enormous power. E’ to remember that the laying of the cornerstone of Washington's monuments followed the rituals of ancient Egypt to make the immortal city. In 1979 in France it was stated that the builders of these cities and sowed many symbols to transform the capital into a huge pagan altar in honor of a goddess. The theory starts from the Federal Triangle, including the Washington Monument, the Capitol and the White House. L’ interpretation is in the stars. Every year between 10 and the 15 three star Arturo August, Regulus and Spica are aligned above the monuments. Arturo sorge su Washington, Regulus and Spica on the White House to the Capitol. At the center of the triangle shines the Virgin, to give pagan. This alignment could be the result of coincidence or deliberately calculated to honor an ancient religion: it is argued that Washington would be oriented to align with Virgin, it's the Virgin Mary? Or to the goddess Athena and Isis? The city would be oriented to invoke benevolent Goddess. The theory may sound like science fiction but a portrait of Washington shows that the three pictures at the table marked with their own hands a triangle and the very same Albert Pike ordered at each lodge to represent the constellation on the ceiling of the temple of the virgin. The sign of Virgo appears around 53 times. The meaning can not be decoded and while the Masons declare themselves protectors of the ideals of the Revolution since the time of their own tradition of secrecy will prevent them to be above all suspicion. Finally we can say that despite the Masons should boast of being for all, History has taught us that it is actually for a few, indeed very few elected (Article written by Emiliano Friends, curator of blog sguardosulmedioevo.org) (Photo gives: homolaicus.com e agerecontra.it).