[lightbox link=”https://www.pilloledistoria.it/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/ob_cf3e895f627c6f048928c375bfc999eb_matita-copiativa.jpg” thumb=”https://www.pilloledistoria.it/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/ob_cf3e895f627c6f048928c375bfc999eb_matita-copiativa.jpg” width=”300″ align=”center” title=”A pencil” frame=”true” icon=”image” caption=”A pencil”]Everyone who knows how many we have at home and we have tens adoperate when we went to school, but what do we really know the pencil?

When, how and by whom was born this very useful working tool of which today we can not do without?

Well, Pencil is an invention that It dates back to the sixteenth century, therefore relatively recent, and how many other resulted from a fortuitous case, precisely by a violent storm that in England in the 1564 He led to the discovery of a big gas field graphite, the mineral of which it is made and which allows the writing, until then completely unknown; Legend has it that it was a passing man to take over first writing skills, after having found shrapnel in the loose soil from a felled tree.

We know for certain that the first attempts to use graphite to make marks, They consisted in the wound fabric material splinters, leather or rope, decidedly unwieldy to use, and he spent some’ of time before getting to the first rudimentary real pencils, more similar to the current ones, or mines placed in thin wooden cylinders.

The dynamics of its subsequent evolution are quite obscure, but certainly the pencil began to spread really only toward the end of the '700 thanks to Nicolas-Jacques Conté, French inventor, and the Joseph Hardtmuth, Austrian inventor, that, almost simultaneously, planned the mass production of this item is set to revolutionize the lives of people.

To new pencils also, Graphite was added to the base, cooking it along with it, a small amount of clay to make the most compact mina, durable and precise in writing (photo: francescolanza.it)