Aspirin Old billboard (Bayer)

Aspirin Old billboard (Bayer)

We are so used to seeing it in the medicine cabinet and take a tablet at the slightest hint of influence, headache or stomach ache, that we do not even realize how much l’aspirin, the-counter drug most sold today and used, has marked un passo decisivo nella storia della medicina e dell’industria farmaceutica moderne.

In poco più di un secolo, essa è diventata una sorta di panacea per i malesseri più comuni.

In fact, the salice, the plant from which is extracted’salicylic acid, It was used for its therapeutic properties recognized since ancient times.

The Egyptians, just to name a few, ne preferivano la corteccia e le foglie.

Hippocrates, il grande medico vissuto tra il V e il VI sec. a.C., ne consigliava l’infuso per lenire disturbi di varia origine e natura.

Old aspirin advertising poster

Old aspirin advertising poster

The therapeutic use of willow experienced a significant decline only since the end of Middle Ages.

In linea con lo spirito pragmatico del tempo infatti, si preferiva destinare i rami giovani della pianta alla realizzazione di cesti, of which there was a massive use, and ligation of plants.

Dalla scoperta dell’America (1492) in poi quindi, the chinino, extract from the berries of china, a plant of South America, divenne l’antipretico più diffuso.

Esso si rivelò prezioso contro il flagello della malaria.

Dal semplice salice all’Aspirina

Aided by the continental blockade Napoleon in 1806, early nineteenth century the good old willow tree came back into favor and, thanks to the improvement of medical and scientific knowledge, say Potette procedere, by stages, studies and formulations that soon would lead to aspirin.

Dapprima avvenne the extraction of salicylic acid from Raffaele Piria (1838), then the acetylsalicylic acid (in impure form) by the French Charles Frédéric Gerhardt (1853), infine si giunse all’Aspirina vera e propria.

Ufficialmente essa venne inventata da Felix Hoffmann, chemist Bayer, ma tale paternità è stata recentemente messa in dubbio a favore dello scienziato ebreo tedesco Arthur Eichengrun, overshadowed, it would seem, by the Nazis.

What is certain is that by the end of the 800 on the Aspirin, in the form of powder, tablets and sachets, thanks to its extraordinary virtues analgesic and antipyretic, It has become the drug “family's” the most famous and used in the world. (photo: unpixelperamico.blogspot.it e rodeoclown.net)