Pen and ink

Pen and ink

The need to communication and to set their own thoughts belongs to mankind since the dawn of civilization, an indispensable desire, in the absence of adequate means and comfort, It has been satisfied from the start with the help of tools provided by nature.

Thanks to simple sharp stones, we can still admire the petroglyphs let us as a legacy by primitive men, drawings and graffiti that constitute the only “written document” from time immemorial, of which we can learn part of the habits and customs regulations.

The first rudimentary “pen”, closer to how we understand it, that was invented by Egyptians circa 5000 Years ago, a simple sprig of chewed rod end to you’ the brush, which he was dipped in water and then rubbed on solid blocks as if it were a watercolor, while the famous Egyptian tablets, They were engraved with hard bits after being also softened with water.

The writing and the means to achieve it were refined by Greeks, they used one stylus in bone, metal or ivory to record on wax tablets and a drinking straw capable of retaining ink end to annotate words on papyrus; the latter derived from the reed Romans, a sort of fountain pen before letter consisting of a small bamboo cane engraved at one end of which it is dipped in a natural ink that, exiting at pressure, allowed in a manner relatively easy to write.

The quill, based on the same principle of operation calamus, It appeared as early as the eighth century; the central part, cava, the ink contained, then he came down with light pressure on the paper.

To arrive at a more pen “modern”, it was not until 1884, year in which the US Lewis Waterman He invented the first fountain pen, It equipped with a tank that considerably increased the autonomy, avoiding continuous ink intingimenti, and a metallic nib, Most of smoothness.

During the '900 Finally, Hungarians Gyorgy Laszlo's office They revolutionized the world of writing with the creation of ballpoint pen, capable of perfectly distribute the ink on the paper thanks to a small but effective rotating metallic sphere.

The resounding success of the “bureau“, It depended mainly from long autonomy permitted, which he allowed her to replace the most uncomfortable fountain. (photo: lapiazzaweb.it e scappoinbrasile.com)

Fountain pen

Fountain pen