The eternal North / South of Italy controversy came back into fashion a few weeks ago, as you well know, because of statements released by Vittorio Feltri.
Host of a television program, the famous journalist, not new to certain expressions, let's say so, improper, claimed that southerners are “lower” compared to the northerners.
As easily imaginable, one followed (right in my opinion) media ruckus.
Felt has clumsily attempted to correct the shot, but the damage was done.
The following article was sent to History Pills gives Maximilian Muek, a boy passionate about history.
It is an answer, short but articulated and well structured, as stated by Felt.
Enjoy the reading.
North / South Italy controversy: let's step back…
“The southerners are lower "... economically.
Whatever the intentions of the director of Free, it is fair to ask :”The south is poorer than the north because the southerners are lower than the inhabitants of northern Italy?”.
Let's take a nice step back in history, until the great age national states, so to speak in the seventeenth century.
Italy, from north to south it has always been fought over by the great national powers, it is thought for its geographical position, strategic for trade in the Mediterranean.
The fact is that unlike other nation states, like France and England, will not develop independence until 1861, with the unification of Italy.
So while industries developed in other states, trade and the bourgeoisie was born, which favored the economy of these same states considerably, in Italy only land was cultivated.
This was because the invaders had no interest in moving the Italian economy forward, but they only aimed to exploit its territory and inhabitants.
Before 1861 the gap was not as serious as it will be in the future.
It north, thanks to the municipal age and the consequent formation of principalities, he had detached himself from the feudal economy, now antiquated throughout Europe.
The south, however, was still tied to this structure that did not allow the birth of the bourgeoisie, since there was no mobility in the social classes, and therefore stayed behind.
After the unification of Italy
In 1861 Italy was born e, Consequently, we try to reach the pace of the rest of Europe.
This is exactly what happened with Italy in previous centuries.
The north begins to exploit the south to concentrate on industrial progress, implementing a short-sighted policy, mostly aimed at clogging what were the industrial holes in the short term.
With the advent of the twentieth century, the two world wars they upset the Italian economy, going to impoverish it and producing an even greater gap between north and south.
We must remember that also the mafia it had been developing more and more in the south, taking advantage of the scarce presence of strong institutions, taking away another big slice of the economy.
After the war, several passed decrees, which, however, did not limit the differences, making this issue gradually disappear from political reforms.
Then no, it is not the fault of the southerners if the south is poorer.