Bernardo Bandini Baroncelli

Bernardo Bandini Baroncelli hanged. Drawing by Leonardo da Vinci

The dangling body that is seen in drawing it is Bernardo Bandini Baroncelli, while the author of the work is Leonardo da Vinci.

As can be seen, it is a tragic time fixed forever on paper, that of’hanging of a man.

But who was Bernardo Bandini Baroncelli and when and why he was sentenced to death?

Baroncelli belonged to that group of people, April 1478, attempt on the life of the Medici staging that sad page of Florentine history and Italian known as Pazzi conspiracy.

As you know, the action was a failure and revenge was ruthless.

Unlike fellow, already executed by a piece, Bernardo Bandini Baroncelli escaped to Constantinople, where, at the end of 1479, he was captured, imprisoned and finally handed over to the authorities of Florence.

Now his fate was sealed.

The 29 December 1479 Leonardo da Vinci assisted execution of sentence, setting forever that moment with some pencil stroke.

Drawing, known as Hangman, It is on the Museo Bonnat in Bayonne.

Baroncelli died with the same oriental clothes he wore during capture, that Leonardo perfectly describes in these few lines: “berettino of tane, doublet of black satin, lined black cioppa, tuchina jacket lined with fox's throat, and 'the collar of his coat velvet soppannato, appicchiettato black and red, Bandino Baroncigli Bernardo; black socks”.

The witness, both realistic and dramatic, is the terrible instant of one of the darkest events of the Renaissance (Photo gives: