The bodies talk, even after centuries and even if poorly preserved, as evidenced, Inter alia, the exhumation of Federico II da Montefeltro (1422-1482), Duke of Urbino, great patron, able politician and courageous leader, one of the leading figures of the fifteenth century.
Some time ago the sarcophagi of man and some of his family, including children Guidobaldo e Federico and the daughter in law Elisabetta Gonzaga, kept in Church of San Bernardino, They were opened to analyze the content; transferred perhaps in the '600 from their original location in the underground, characterized by a strong and persistent moisture (one of the speakers was waterlogged), the remains have appeared quite deteriorated but, Nevertheless, still able to provide important information on the personalities involved and, probably, of many others of equal rank them contemporaneous.
A certainty resulted from the analysis of the Duke bones is that he suffered from gotta, a metabolic disease in the past rather widespread among the upper classes (Henry VIII England it was another illustrious victim), mainly due to the excessive consumption of meat, seafood, sugars and alcohol, foods that the poor could not afford if not very rarely.
It is hoped now that the comparison of findings and evidence of a different kind (the purpose is illuminating the correspondence between Federico II and his doctor) and the results derived from studies undertaken on several fronts (archaeological, doctor, documentary, archival etc.), They can give precise information on the customs of, mainly food, and therapeutic approach to gout in post Middle Ages.
If you want to know the details of the exhumation of Federico da Montefeltro, Here you will find a very detailed article: http://www.paleopatologia.it/articoli/aticolo.php?recordID=22 (Photo gives: culturekiosque.com).