When it was created the’Inquisition, or the ecclesiastical institution founded by Catholic church to fight, through a special court, the heresies?
Inquisition: when was he born?
Foreshadowed in the Council of Verona (1184), it was not until Pope Innocent III, at the beginning of the thirteenth century, it was finally developed.
The Inquisition was born then with the specific purpose of pursuing heretics, that is, those who moved away from orthodox Catholic, but the main focus, at least in theory, It was not to punish them, but to bring them back on the straight path through penance.
To achieve the intent, the most terrible means were allowed torture the time available (It was the same pope Innocent IV to officially authorize this practice in 1252), exactly as was the practice in civil courts (Photo gives: sanpiox.it).